Aireborough Historical Society

1795 Joseph Cawthra

Joseph Cawthra Bankruptcy
Date May 1795
Location Yeadon
Photo ID
V131 & S162 (same image)     Image courtesy of the British Newspaper Archives, research by Edwy Harling
Comment "Cawtha Bankruptcy
Whereas a Commission of Bankruptcy is awarded and issued against
Joseph Cawthra, now or late of Yeadon in the Parish of Guiseley in the
county of York.
Merchant, Dealer and Chapman and he being declared a
Bankrupt is hereby required to surrender himself to the Commissioners in the said Commission named and authorised, or the major part of them, on the Fifth and Sixth Days of June and on the Forth Day of July next, at 10 o'clock in the Fore-noon on each of the said Days, at
William Duckworth's, the White Horse in Leeds, in the said county of York and make a full Discovery and Disclosure of his Estate and Effects..
     When and Where the Creditors are to come prepared to prove their
Debts, at the second sitting to choose Assignees and at the last
sitting the said Bankrupt is required to finish his Examination. And
the Creditors are to assent to, or dissent from the Allowance of the
      All persons indebted to the Estate and Effects of the said Bankrupt are desired immediately to pay the same to Mr John Metcalfe of Leeds or Mr Thomas Musgrave of Armley,  Assignees of the said Bankrupt or to Mr Autey, Attorney at Law in Leeds aforesaid otherwise
Actions will be brought for the Recovery thereof, without further
Further information about Joseph Cawthra by Christine Lovedale :
Joseph Cawthra was born in 1759 to Henry Cawthra and Mary Brown, he seems to have been an ambitious young man, building the first steam powered mill in Yeadon (Circa 1792) at a site which was initially called the Old Mill but soon became known as "the Old Dog Mill".
A that time he was living in Yeadon Manor, married to Mary Turnpenny by whom he had at least 9 children, 6 sons and 3 daughters.
    He fell foul of the local community when he diverted water from Yeadon Beck which flows down the High Street (it still exists but is now underground) towards the Old Dog, no doubt an increased flow gave more power to his steam engine.
This action so angered the townspeople the Town Meeting sued him for restoration which was granted, perhaps this was a factor in his bankruptcy which occurred in 1795 when he would have been around 34 years of age.
    Having become so unpopular with his neighbours he emigrated in 1802, first spending time in America then settling in Toronto, Canada.
Between 1806 - 1809 his family gradually joined him, he entered into various profitable business ventures then became a politician.
He had been granted a portion of land by the Canadian Government on which he built a replica of Yeadon Manor.
By the time Joseph died in 1842 his large family were also making their fortunes , place names in the Mississauga area still carry the name Cawthra eg Cawthra Road, his home and surrounding land is now a public park.


Post a Comment

Please login to post a comment.